Cramps during pregnancy, especially early in pregnancy, are a relatively common phenomenon. For most women, mild pregnancy cramps are of no concern. However, uterine-related cramps can be a sign of pregnancy complications . Therefore, it is necessary to have periodic examination by doctors or midwives.
Women who have had difficulty getting pregnant or have a history of miscarriage need special attention. Pregnancy is always a memorable event. So always maintain your health, reduce stress, take regular pregnancy check-ups to make your pregnancy more and more enjoyable.
The cause of cramps during pregnancy in early pregnancy
- As the uterus expands to make room for the baby, the muscles and ligaments that support the uterus are stretched. This can cause soreness in pregnant women, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy. The veins that supply the uterus are also squeezed, causing an uncomfortable feeling of heaviness. Often, muscle cramps can be felt in the lower abdomen.
- This is because a cyst (Corpus Luteal) forms on the ovary and releases an egg before fertilization. This cyst has an important function of producing enough progesterone to nourish the embryo before the placenta forms.
Why pregnant women often get acne?
Pregnant women often develop acne during pregnancy and this has absolutely no relationship with the phenomenon of cramps during pregnancy. This is because the embryo digs deep into the wall of the uterus. This is why pimples are a common menstrual sign in women. The first days of menstruation are often heavy and constant bleeding, accompanied by pain. After a few days the pimples will disappear.
In some women, the uterus does not sit properly in the pelvis. Instead of lying on your side forward and just above your bladder, it points inwards. As the uterus grows, it tilts inward more, putting more pressure on the ligaments and nerves.
Feeling when cramping:
Mild pregnancy cramps will feel like menstrual pain, when the uterus contracts, creating a twitching, heavy sensation in the pelvis. Cramps can also be caused by standing in one place for too long. When you sneeze, cough, or laugh, the pressure in your abdomen increases dramatically, which also causes cramps. Some feelings when cramping are heavy, uncomfortable, throbbing …
Cramps in early pregnancy often refer to cramps in early pregnancy as a sign of an increased uterine size. Although fetal development in the first trimester is relatively slow, the hormonal changes and the amount of blood in the mother’s pelvis are enormous.
These changes take place in preparation for the coming months. The uterus is a relatively small organ made up of elastic muscle fibers. When the uterus increases in size, it always causes discomfort for pregnant women, including cramps. Knowing the cause and understanding this phenomenon will help with the care of both mother and fetus.
Should check when?
- When too worried and need to check for peace of mind.
- When menstrual bleeding or acne does not stop and increase.
- Strong pain in the abdomen or on the top of the shoulder.
- Your body temperature rises and feels unwell.
- Having trouble urinating.
- In the absence of the typical signs of pregnancy.
Attention should be paid:
Although cramping is perfectly normal, it’s also likely to be an early sign of the risk of miscarriage . In some cases, when these signs are clear, the chance of a miscarriage is very high. It is estimated that in 4 pregnancies with cramps, one case of miscarriage. It can be caused by a chromosomal mutation, or because a fertilized egg is not located correctly in the uterus but somewhere in the pelvis. The fallopian tube is small and not as elastic as the uterus, so it only holds small eggs. So there are cases where the large eggs fall out causing ectopic pregnancy.
Phenomenon of ectopic pregnancy
An ectopic pregnancy is a serious and potentially fatal pregnancy. The embryos must be quickly removed with either part or all of the fallopian tubes. Sometimes the fallopian tube ruptures before surgery, leading to complications such as shock, bleeding, or infection. Women with a history of surgery on one or both of the fallopian tubes will have difficulty conceiving. Therefore, the important goal of surgery is to keep as much of the duct as possible while not affecting the mother’s health. This is precisely the reason why it is necessary to have special attention from experts at the onset of suspicion of ectopic pregnancy.
Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy:
- Severe abdominal pain and no signs of remission.
- Vaginal discharge and pimples.
- Bloating, bloating, and flatulence in the abdomen.
- Pain in the head of the shoulder or radiating to the shoulder. This is a sign of a large hematoma in the abdomen and below the diaphragm.
- Pain in the lower back.
- Dizziness, dizziness.
Other causes of cramps during pregnancy:
- Kidney stones or bladder infection.
- Heartburn or indigestion.
- Urinary tract infection or kidney infection.
- Constipation during pregnancy .
- Round ligament pain, sometimes throbbing pain in the abdomen.
- Sex causes the veins of the pelvis to stretch and damage. Orgasms make the uterus contract for a short time, causing discomfort in pregnant women.
When are the cramps gone?
Until the uterus grows in size and is supported by the bones in the pelvis, the cramping should lessen. At this time, the ligaments and muscles are somewhat freed from the task of supporting the uterus.
How to reduce the risk of cramps during pregnancy?
- Change standing, sitting and lying positions often. Do light exercise by walking or stretching your muscles every day.
- Take a warm bath, wear loose, comfortable clothes, and gently massage your abdomen.
- It is advisable to urinate frequently to avoid a full bladder causing uterine contractions.
- Drink plenty of water, eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables to avoid constipation. Do not eat a lot of bread, rice and pasta.
- Sit or relax and do deep breathing exercises.
- When sitting, make sure your legs are supported so that the blood can flow easily.
Note: whenever you feel a cramping in early pregnancy, go immediately to an experienced medical center for a thorough examination.